(EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch]


  • Paperback
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  • Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch
  • Jean-Louis Ska
  • English
  • 09 March 2020
  • 9781575061221

Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review

Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review Read ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Æ Jean-Louis Ska Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch characters ¶ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook When Jean Louis Ska's Introduzione alla lettura del Pentateuco was first published in Italy it was uickly hailed as the most attractive and usable introduction to the Pentateuch to appear in modern times Because of its strengths it was soon translated into French The English tra. Initially choosing this volume as a potential textbook for teaching an upper division course in Pentateuch at a seminary which is still awaiting promised funding such that it hasn t yet opened I was drawn to Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch by the fact that Jean Louis Ska approaches the sometimes controversial interpretation of the Pentateuch from several perspectives Most importantly he forces the reader to consider the text as it stands before trying to figure out what to do with repetition changes of styles apparent discrepancy and the like As the author observed early in his preface If the sum is greater than the sum of its parts it is important to consider the whole before looking at its sum p x Looking at the structure of the books as we have them Ska comes up with some interesting points on which to masticate For example the content of Genesis divides neatly into history from creation to the patriarchs 1 11 and the history of the patriarchs 12 50 Taking the dates within the text itself Ska observes that 1 11 covers circa 200 years per chapter while 12 50 covers about 75 years per chapter p 26 This suggests the narratives in the second portion are much detailed and that is correct Again in looking at Exodus Ska sees 1 15 as describing the contest between Yahweh and Pharaoh while 19 34 expresses what Yahweh s reign since He wins will mean The transitional section in between 1522 1827 connects the struggle with the formation of God s people under Yahweh but the guiding principle appears to be what Ska calls the wandering formula p 29 The best part of this section is when Ska rightly demonstrates the parallels between creation and building the tabernacle pp 30 31Ska observes the structure of Leviticus as four major sections and an appendix on sacrificing in the sanctuary 1 7 covering sacrifices 8 10 establishing the beginnings of the cult 11 16 with the difference between purity and impurity and 17 26 providing a code of holiness p 32 And even though my magisterial thesis attempted to provide a thematic structure of the Book of Numbers according to establishment of tribal confederation Ska is a skeptic toward tribal confederation and simply turns the three part geographical division of numbers into a two part division built on preparing for and executing the campaign to pave the way into the land of promise p 38 Although his two part division is elegant than my attempt it is interesting that his would fit neatly into my assertions He concludes the exercise by noting that there are four title verses that separate Deuteronomy into four parts 11 444 2869 and 331 pp 38 39 He also notices the intriguing aspect that the words presenting in Genesis Numbers are the words of Yahweh while those in Deuteronomy are presented as the words of Moses The next section of the book demonstrates the probability of different sources or traditions compiled into what we know as the Pentateuch by observing divergences in legal texts on slavery pp 40 41 loans p 45 donkeys and enemies pp 46 47 and the two versions of the Decalogue pp 49 51 Rather than seeing all of these laws as stemming from the pen of Moses Ska suggests It is simpler to argue that these laws were written in different periods and correspond to different situations and concerns p 52 Notice that by this point Ska hasn t introduced the classic J E D and P theory he is building a foundation for his theoryFollowing the comparison of the legal sections Ska moves to the narrative sections First he considers the different styles and perspectives of the two Creation accounts pp 53 56 This is followed by the three different accounts of Abraham twice and Isaac once trying to pass off their wives as sisters pp 56 58 Next comes the two accounts of getting water from the rock p 58 60 After offering similarities and differences he states The second episode Num 201 13 is easier to understand if we consider it to be a second revised version of the same event and not another similar event If it were a different eventit would be impossible to understand why no one knows how to solve the problem of the water p 60 Similar treatment follows on narratives where the doublet is juxtaposed within the overall storyIn the next section Ska considers stylistic and linguistic markers suggesting redaction He defines resumptive repetition as a literary techniue that consists of repeating after an interruption one or of the words that immediately preceded the digression or addition so that the reader may continue from the point of the interruption pp 77 78 For instance Genesis 622 and 75 contain the same formula at the end of two different sets of instructions This suggests that the second may have been repeated so that the reader would know that the second set of commands reuired the same obedience to authority as the first p 79 In a similar fashion the seeming redundant phrase about making a covenant used in Genesis 2127b and 32a appears to suggest the second usage was to introduce the etymological explanation of Beersheba which likely wasn t originally in the account p 79Another linguistic marker that Ska observes is the use of phrases like a second time and again often precedes sections which build upon the original narrative He cites the angel calling out a second time in Genesis 22 and God speaking again with a understandable tone in Exodus 315 pp 82 83 as his initial examples of how this would work Secondly the use of hethis or shethis to introduce a short explanation probably indicates a later short addition for purposes of clarity or to add some information that may not be known by later audiences p 85After discussing these and other literary indicators Ska shifts into a history of Pentateuchal exegesis up through the late 20th century Imagine if you will Mark S Gignilliat s A Short History of Old Testament Criticism condensed into 30 pages 96 126 but focused on the Pentateuch although much of Gignilliat s history does so of necessity as well This section is well written enough that it would have been an ideal introduction to the history of criticism in the class I was planning to teach Then Ska elucidates on modern approaches one of the sections that called my attention to the book including canonical rhetorical and structural interpretations of the text Despite pointing out the valuable contributions of these approaches though he does hit on a flaw Synchronic research does not always give enough consideration to the distinction between form and content p 163At the conclusion of the chapter on new contributions Ska also expresses reservations about the sensitivity of the new methodologies to what we know of ancient texts and literature p 164 So he proceeds to enumerate four laws regarding ancient texts followed by additional evidence to support this position The first law is that precedence matters p 165 This means that later interpreters will still try to connect with the earliest relevant tradition to prove their validity to the current audience One example Ska gives is Paul s tendency in the New Testament to skip over Mosaic Law and appeal directly to the earlier promises to Abraham p 165 Even so he notes Jesus claim of being before Abraham in John 858 p 166The second law is conservation in that nothing is eliminated p 169 This explains why the original versions of laws may be expanded reinterpreted or focused but not removed Similarly this explains why one sees two widely divergent portions of narrative juxtaposed awkwardly together p 170 The third law is the law of continuity combined with updating Referring to the past for authority and updating to apply to new circumstances makes sense to me p 171 The fourth law is the law of economy Ska points out how expensive written texts were in both time investment and materials costs This explains the slim margins and small characters in many texts p 172 This is a much needed perspective to which I had previously paid insufficient attention Then he illustrates some of these guidelines from extrabiblical evidence I was particularly taken by his analysis of Mesopotamian laws with the use of before and now to acknowledge the past for authority and re focus on the present for a new situation p 177 Using the clear evidence for evolution in the Gilgamesh Epic as an example Ska draws out the principle The easier it is to recognize an addition the greater the chance that it is a late alteration p 181 I also liked Ska s caution on not depending on one indicator to determine an addition but to respond to converging indications p 182In summary Ska believes 1 the Pentateuch is a Post exilic work 2 comprised of sections of earlier Pre Exilic narratives which originally 3 were found in a series of cycles p 184 He presents his thesis that the first real compilation was Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomistic History establishing the bilateral covenant with God with its corollary message that Israel s destruction was due to Israel s unfaithfulness p 189 The second major redaction would be the Priestly writer s insistence on the glory of God and Israel s reconstitution as a religious assembly p 190 This was followed by the Holiness Code an emphasis on cultic purity tied to the theology of Leviticus pp 190 191In the final discussion Ska takes on P Frei s contention that the appearance of the law of the king after the law of God in Ezra 7 suggests that the full Pentateuch was formed as part of an imperial authorization from Persia p 218 However Ska rightly observes that this Persian imperial authorization becomes problematic since Egypt was also under Persian purview and the sacrificial arrangements there conflict with the entire Pentateuch p 221 Hence Ska perceives this law of God authorized also by the law of the king as likely being predominantly the Priestly writings p 224 This definitely has possibilities For the composition of the complete Pentateuch Ska appeals to the citizen community around the Second Temple p 226 In short if I were scheduled to teach a seminary class on the Pentateuch Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch would be reuired reading The methodology takes critical approaches seriously but it is founded on a detailed reading of the text

Read ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Æ Jean-Louis SkaIntroduction to Reading the Pentateuch

Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review Read ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Æ Jean-Louis Ska Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch characters ¶ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Nslation published by Eisenbrauns has been completely reviewed and updated including the bibliography by Ska Among the book's many strengths are its close attention to the ways in which modern cultural history has affected Pentateuchal interpretation attention to providing the k. introduzione alla lettura del pentatauco de Jean Louis Ska Edizione Dehoniane Roma 1998 L auteur d clare la page 71 l intention de son livre Du point de vue m thodologiue le pr sent livre voudrait convaincre les lecteurs u il n est point possible de lire aujourd hui le Pentateuue sans recourir la m thode historico critiue On y rencontre trop de probl mes et ces probl mes sont trop complexes pour ue l on puisse les traiter de mani re na ve Cela dit l auteur pr cise la page suivante son pens e en disant ue la premi re lecture doit tre de toute mani re synchroniue parce ue ce n est u apr s un premier parcours de lecture canoniue du texte u appara tront les probl mes ui devront tre trait s de mani re diachroniue Le texte et non le d bat des m thodes doit donc rester au premier plan J L Ska d clare pragmatiuement ue la m thode utile et celle ui permet de mieux comprendre les textes ui offre les voies les plus s res pour en saisir la signification et pr sente les solutions les plus simples aux probl mes d interpr tation En tenant compte de ces pr cisions nous r sumerons les chapitres VI e VII du livre en suivant ces indications VI Ex g se du Pentateuue Histoire de la recherche de l antiuit 1970Si n est pas possible de pr senter dans le cadre de cette introduction un compte rendu exhaustif de l histoire de l ex g se du Pentateuue depuis l poue de sa composition jusu nos jours a fortiori cela est beaucoup moins possible dans le cadre de ce r sum Parmi les cin parties du chapitre nous n en choisissons donc ue la troisi me C et la uatri me D pour en dire uelues mots g n riues C l hypoth se documentaire classiue Les premiers travaux critiues essayent d expliuer l utilisation de diff rents noms de Dieu en Gn 1 3 Comme on n accepte pas ue le m me auteur puisse avoir utilis des noms diff rents pour appeler Dieu les sp cialistes commencent chercher les multiples sources ui composent l unit r dactionnelle du Pentateuue A partir de cette poue debout du XVII si cle NdR les sp cialistes se divisent en trois groupes et proposent trois th ories principales sur l origine du Pentateuue l hypoth se des documents l hypoth se des fragments et l hypoth se des suppl ments Tableau 1Le pentateuue Sources compl tes et ind pendantes oui nonNombre des sources une Grundschrift compl ments XXXXX plusieurs documents J E P D fragmentsComme on voit dans le tableau 1 les variables en jeu sont donc deux le nombre des sources et leur compl tude et ind pendance La recherche va donc se d velopper dans la double direction de la recherche des sources et de la d monstration de leur compl tude et ind pendance La seule analyse du texte bibliue ne pouvait pas donner les r ponses u on cherchait Cette double recherche a besoin d autres hypoth ses ui elle puisera aux sources des id ologies courantes La vision romantiue de l histoire joue ici un r le de premi re importance Ska crit Avec la distance nous mesurons uel point les ex g tes du si cle pass s int ressaient peu aux textes en tant ue tels par exemple leurs ualit s litt raires ou leur contenu intrins ue Les commentaires sont rares cette poue Influenc s par la philosophie h g lienne et par le romantisme de Herder les ex g tes voulaient surtout tudier l histoire ils sont donc consacr leurs nergies la datation des sources indispensable point de d part d un tel travail En outre ils comprenaient l historie comme volution ou d veloppement dialectiue selon le c l bre sch ma h g lien th se antith se synth se D gunkel noth von rad et la formgeschichteA partir de la seconde moiti du si cle XIX au changement de la mentalit suit un changement de la science bibliue dominante Deux facteurs importants vont influencer le monte intellectuel et ex g tiue les d couvertes du Moyen Orient ancien et le go t pour la litt rature populaire 6 Cela conduit des autres m thodes de lecture ui dans la m me recherche de l origine des textes accordent une grande place la comparaison entre religions et cultures anciennes comme aussi la pr histoire des crits c est dire la tradition orale Le p re fondateur de cette cole et le grand g nie de cette poue fut certainement Hermann Gunkel Ska crit Intuition sensibilit esth tiue et profond int r t pour la forme litt raire et le style constituent les principales caract ristiue de cette cole On ne saurait s parer la forme et le contenu le style et le message l esth tiue et la th ologie La forme exacte est la n cessaire expression du contenu dit Gunkel 7 Dans la recherche du noyau primitif de la religion d Isra l trois grands ex g tes ont donn s chacun sa mani re des r ponses importantes m me si leurs th ses ont t critiu es ou m me abandonn es Ils sont Albrecht Alt le Dieu des P res et le droit apodictiue Gerard von Rad le petit credo historiue et die salomonische Aufkl rung et Martin Noth l uvre deuteronomiste la conf d ration des tribus d Isra l les deux strates dans le r cit sacerdotal VII Les d veloppements r cents de l ex g se du PentateuueCe chapitre se compose de trois parties La premi re partie contient les critiues d ordre g n rales de l hypoth se documentaire La seconde partie la plus grande pr sente l tat de sant de trois des uatre documents classiues J E PH Enfin la troisi me partie dit uelues mots sur l tude synchroniue du Pentateuue A Les critiues de l hypoth se documentaireLe climat ex g tiue change autour des ann es 70 Ska crit L ex g se du Pentateuue est le th tre d une sorte de mort du p re Les grands ma tres du pass sont critiu s et les fondements m mes de la recherche commencent tre branl s Les ex g tes remettent en uestion les pr suppos s de la recherche Il poursuit Si dans toute la p riode domin e par les id es du romantisme allemand on recherchait les valeurs authentiues de la religion et de l histoire d Isra l dans les origines dans un certain ge d or situ dans le pass d sormais les ex g tes s int ressent bien davantage la fin de l histoire L exp rience de la crise la m fiance envers les id ologies simplificatrices l analyse plus soign e des pr suppos s sont les autres caract ristiues de ce changement A cela s ajoute une connaissance plus approfondie de l Isra l pr monarchiue ui fait crouler les hypoth ses sur le document J le Yaviste la pierre d angle de l hypoth se documentaire B Les probl me des diff rents sourcesL Elohiste le parent pauvre de l hypoth se documentaire a cesse d exister en tant ue document pour se transformer en un recueil de fragments u on ne saurait pas attribuer aux autres sources Ska observe Il existe d autres mod les por expliuer l existence des textes habituellement attribu s E Par exemple ceux ci peuvent tre consid r s comme une s rie de compl ments ponctuels fruits d une r daction ui ne voulait rien perdre des traditions anciennes Sur le Yahviste les deux uestions principales concernent son existence tant ue source et sa datation Le deux uestions sont troitement li es En tant la source la plus ancienne mais cela ne fait plus l unanimit parmi les ex g tes elle est la moins identifiable m me si elle exist sous une uelue forme ind pendante et unitaire Le changement du programme de recherche pousse toutefois la majorit des sp cialistes ne plus consid rer la source J un a priori de la science bibliue Pour conclure il y a sans aucun doute de nombreuses raison pour penser ue J s il a jamais exist n est pas une uvre tr s ancienne Il faut aussi concevoir J comme le fruit d un travail r dactionnel labor partir de cycles narratifs plus anciens La derni re observation est de type m thodologiue Il faut remaruer ue les ex g tes tendent s accorder en ce ui concerne le point de d part de la recherche L analyse part de plus loin ue l existence des documents sources NdR c est dire du texte dans sa configuration actuelle De cette mani re la synchronie pr c de la diachronie En cons uence avant d tablir l existence de sources l ex g te examine la structure et la coh rence du texte Ce n est pas u ensuite et sur la base d indices solides par exemple de tensions de fractures ou d incoh rences u il passe l tape suivante et parle de sources ou de r dactions Il devient plus difficile de d couper ou d atomiser un beau texte narratif pour y retrouver deux ou trois sources parce ue l pisode doit tre pr sent dans toutes ses sources 11 Le r cit sacerdotal ne s est jamais retrouv sur le passage du cyclone ui a ravag les recherches sur le Pentateuue A cause de leur style et de leur th ologie particuli rement reconnaissables il a toujours t relativement ais d identifier les textes ui appartiennent cette source 12 Il y a certains probl mes ui concernent la d limitation de la source sa relation avec la loi de saintet H Lv 18 26 sa datation autour de l exile ou apr s la reconstruction du second temple et surtout la th ologie du P la uestion sans doute la plus importante tant donn le caract re tr s th ologiue de cette source Ska observe ue bien des ex g tes tentent de subdiviser le r cit sacerdotale alors ue P essaie plut t d organiser l histoire d Isra l Il convient dans ce cas comme dans beaucoup d autres de distinguer clairement le texte du monde auuel il se r f re c est dire distinguer entre histoire et discours Le r cit sacerdotal joue en permanence sur ces deux registres partir des donn es et des sch mes fournis par P le lecteur doit reconstruire une histoire du monde dans lauelle s inscrit l histoire d Isra l Le but de P est de retrouver dans le pass les fondements solides sur lesuels la communaut d Isra l peut se r difier Pour P ces fondements sont religieux L existence de l univers postdiluvien est enti rement suspendue l alliance unilat ral de Dieu avec No ce fondement est indestructible perce u il a t tabli par Dieu seul De m me l existence d Isra l a elle aussi son fondement en Dieu seul l alliance unilat rale d El Shaddai avec Abraham Sur ce point P modifie la th ologie deut ronomiue de l alliance Pour le Dt la b n diction d pendait de l observance de la loi par le peuple Sur la base de cette alliance unilat rale sola gratia P d veloppe sa th ologie de la gloire La gloire r unit deux aspects importants de la r v lation divine les interventions de YHWH dans l histoire d Isra l et sa pr sence dans le culte ConclusionLa gloire de YHWH comme un essaim d abeilles semblait avoir abandonn le Pentateuue et les Ecritures Saintes laiss la merci de une multitude de chirurgiens profanes et profanateurs La sacralisation du texte n a pas pu offrir une demeure cette gloire La gloire ne peut pas habiter une forme s par e elle cherche la res enti re Il semble ue cette demeure pour la gloire soit l histoire l histoire de l action de Dieu dans toute histoire une histoire de mort et de r surrection l histoire du peuple d Isra l ressuscit apr s l exil ui a engendr pour les si cles des si cles pour toutes les g n rations le r cit du Pentateuue

Summary Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch

Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review Read ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Æ Jean-Louis Ska Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch characters ¶ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Inds of examples that are helpful to students presentation of a good balance between the history of interpretation and the data of the text and the clarity of Ska's writing For both students and scholars many consider this book the best contemporary introduction to the Pentateuc. Exceptionally dry though informative for those without higher education in textual issues and topics


5 thoughts on “(EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch]

  1. says: (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch]

    (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch] Initially choosing this volume as a potential textbook for teaching an upper division course in Pentateuch at a seminary which is still awaiting promised funding such that it hasn’t yet opened I was drawn to Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch by the fact that Jean Louis Ska approaches the sometimes controversial interpretation of the Pentateuch from several perspectives Most importantly he forces the reader to consider the t

  2. says: Read ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Æ Jean-Louis Ska Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review Summary Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch

    (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch] « introduzione alla lettura del pentatauco » de Jean Louis Ska Edizione Dehoniane Roma 1998 L’auteur déclare à la page 71 l’intention de son livre  «  Du point de vue méthodologiue le présent livre voudrait convaincre les lecteurs u’il n’est point possible de lire aujourd’hui le Pentateuue sans recourir à la méthode historico critiue On y rencontre trop de problèmes et ces problèmes sont trop complexes pou

  3. says: (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch] Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review Summary Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch

    Summary Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch] Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review Exceptionally dry though informative for those without higher education in textual issues and topics

  4. says: Read ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Æ Jean-Louis Ska (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch]

    (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch] Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review Read ´ PDF, DOC, TXT or eBook Æ Jean-Louis Ska Ska provides an amazingly well written and clearly expressed introduction to the Pentateuch including its scholarship key passages critical uestions and history of interpretation What sets Ska apart from many other introductions to this corpus is the clarity of his argument it is obvious uickly grasped and well supported

  5. says: (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch]

    (EBOOK/EPUB) [Introduction to Reading the Pentateuch] Jean-Louis Ska Æ 0 review 1 This book is written in incredibly boring style It was originally written in Italian then translated to French then to English Some

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