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  • Gawayn and þe Grene Knyȝt
  • Unknown
  • English
  • 10 March 2020
  • 9780451615480

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READ & DOWNLOAD Gawayn and þe Grene Knyȝt REVIEW ✓ LOUISVUITTON--UK.CO.UK Ð Unknown Unknown Ð 1 READ O Chaucer's masterworks and to the great Old English poems Beowulf included A green skinned knight offers the Knights of the Round Table a si. Simon Armitage translation Faber Faber Norton and the Oxford edition s notesI d half forgotten about Gawain and the Green Knight and I d definitely forgotten it was set over Christmas and New Year until I heard this mid December episode of In Our Time As I thought during the programme how bored I now was of Simon Armitage he s become a very regular fixture on BBC arts shows in the last few years I didn t expect to end up reading his translation of Gawain But I looked at a couple of others and they seemed too formal and RP The poem s northernness or perhaps precisely north west midlandness is one of the most distinctive things about it and is what makes it different from other 14th century English works like The Canterbury Tales or Piers Plowman and I wanted that to be evident in the translation Although the beginning of Armitage version didn t have as many dialect words as I d hoped nor did it in the full poem you can hear an accent in it if you re looking the way you can t in the Penguin or Oxford translations However he says about the translation the often uoted notion that a poem can never be finished only abandoned has never felt true Even now further permutations and possibilities keep suggesting themselves as if the tweaking and fine tuning could last a lifetime and a new revised edition was published in October 2018 so there may even be dialect in it nowAnd its other great advantage I only fully realised after starting to read it properly Armitage s version uses alliteration like the original rather than blank verse or a rhymed meter One edition s introduction explains that Germanic languages freuently use alliteration as a poetic device whereas romance languages use rhyme I love alliteration but it s kind of uncool done to excess and excess is easy to do with alliteration it can seem like the dad dancing of English wordplay Is that anything to do with its being an older pre Norman component of the language It was perhaps my favourite aspect of Armitage s Gawain seeing for the first time alliteration used in such uantity and so well and utterly allowed and never once with a need to cringe On the appearance of the Green Knight at Camelot The guests looked on They gaped and they gawkedand were mute with amazement what did it meanthat human and horse could develop this hueshould grow to be grass green or greener stilllike green enamel emboldened by bright goldSome stood and stared then stepped a little closerdrawn near to the knight to know his next move Gawain s adventures on the journey northwards in winter Where he bridges a brook or wades through a waterwayill fortune brings him face to face with a foeso foul or fierce he is bound to use forceSo momentous are his travels among the mountainsto tell just a tenth would be a tall orderHere he scraps with serpents and snarling wolveshere he tangles with wodwos causing trouble in the cragsor with bulls and bears and the odd wild boarHard on his heels through the highlands come giantsOnly diligence and faith in the face of deathwill keep him from becoming a corpse or carrionIt brings home how bloody cold a medieval winter felt with so many fewer hopes of getting warm than we have And the wars were one thing but winter was worseclouds shed their cargo of crystallized rainwhich froze as it fell to the frost glazed earthWith nerves frozen numb he napped in his armourSo in peril and pain Sir Gawain made progresscrisscrossing the countryside until ChristmasEve Now night passes and New Year draws neardrawing off darkness as our Deity decreesBut wild looking weather was about in the worldclouds decanted their cold rain earthwards the nithering north needled man s very nature creatures were scattered by the stinging sleetThen a whip cracking wind comes whistling between hillsdriving snow into deepening drifts in the dalesIt s clear how exhausting a journey through this was with rest and recuperation much needed and no shame in the knight lying abed while the lord went out hunting You were weary and wornhollow with hunger harrowed by tirednessyet you joined in my revelling right royally every nightWhat a contrast Christmas was with the rest of winter under these conditions And with meals and mirth and minstrelsythey made as much amusement as any mortal couldand among those merry men and laughing ladiesGawain and his host got giddy together only lunatics and drunkards could have looked deliriousEvery person present performed party piecestill the hour arrived when revellers must restWhich may have been later than you d think A Tudor Christmas which I read a couple of weeks earlier stated that in 1494 Henry VII processed at 11pm after mass on Twelfth NightAs with all good long poems there are a handful of lines that don t work but those that do outweigh those that don t sufficiently to make the off notes negligible Needless to say all this left me with renewed respect for Armitage and I enjoyed watching this documentary in which he visited the likely locations the Gawain poet thought of as he was writing Lud s Church in North Staffordshire the probable site of the Green Chapel really did look like somewhere a high fantasy film hero would fight a pivotal battle with a monster or maybe they just filmed it well to make it look that way If you also remember Armitage from the 90s Mark Radcliffe Radio 1 show you will probably enjoy the soundtrack tooArmitage s edition has a short and interesting intro but if you want the best historical background info the Oxford edition is the place to look at Helen Cooper s introduction and notes The Penguin Bernard O Donoghue version doesn t have nearly as much Info like this was exciting to me at least after having heard several briefer less detailed histories of the text the precise detail of this location may however represent the origin of the scribe who copied the poems into the manuscript rather than of the poet himself who certainly came from the same region but may not be possible to locate with uite the same degree of exactness The Wirral was notorious as a refuge for outlaws though the comment here on the wildness of its inhabitants could also be a joke against the poem s first readers since Gawain is travelling into their own home territory This is however the dangerous past not the familiar present So the Liverpool jokes have an ancient historyOther highlights included various estimates of when wild boar became hunted to extinction in England the ranked and also gendered classification of hunted beasts when carpets were probably introduced by Eleanor of Castile mini biographies of candidates for the authorship and dedication the influential coterie of Cheshiremen around Richard II in the 1390s and that Gawain was part of an Alliterative Revival in poetry all known works written in the north or west of England or in southern Scotland For a long time I was not all that interested in reading Gawain because I d never found chivalric culture very interesting and couldn t help but imagine it taking place in the sanitised scenes of Victorian Gothic revival paintings even though they were obviously hundreds of years later Not only did I enjoy the alliteration and the descriptions of the winter weather and its effects in the poem but it helped me start to see chivalry in a different context grittier for want of a better word and part of what seems to have been a confusing demanding and perhaps sometimes contradictory set of social standards for medieval nobility which I d actually like to know a bit about but paper length rather than book lengthThe only reason for giving 4 stars rather than 5 is the known fault with the original that the purported plot by Morgan Le Fay as explanation for events is unconvincing Otherwise the poem ends with a beautiful and unexpectedly moving final line as if it were a prayer although the story is playful and mythical this reminds the reader of the religion at the heart of medieval liferead Dec 2018 review Jan 2019 Soldier Caged last few years I didn t expect to end up reading his translation of Gawain But I An Expert Teacher looked at a couple of others and they seemed too formal and RP The poem s northernness or perhaps precisely north west midlandness is one of the most distinctive things about it and is what makes it different from other 14th century English works Cowboy for Keeps like The Canterbury Tales or Piers Plowman and I wanted that to be evident in the translation Although the beginning of Armitage version didn t have as many dialect words as I d hoped nor did it in the full poem you can hear an accent in it if you re Indecent Exposure Indecent #1 looking the way you can t in the Penguin or Oxford translations However he says about the translation the often uoted notion that a poem can never be finished only abandoned has never felt true Even now further permutations and possibilities keep suggesting themselves as if the tweaking and fine tuning could Defending the Heiress last a Wild Dreams Dreams #2 lifetime and a new revised edition was published in October 2018 so there may even be dialect in it nowAnd its other great advantage I only fully realised after starting to read it properly Armitage s version uses alliteration A Child of Her Own like the original rather than blank verse or a rhymed meter One edition s introduction explains that Germanic Shadow Dance languages freuently use alliteration as a poetic device whereas romance Red Hot Reckless languages use rhyme I The Good Daughter Deep in the Heart Harleuin Superromance No 1142 love alliteration but it s kind of uncool done to excess and excess is easy to do with alliteration it can seem Barons Of Texas Jill The Barons Of Texas Silhouette Desire like the dad dancing of English wordplay Is that anything to do with its being an older pre Norman component of the Silent Masuerade A Woman of Mystery Book 11 Harleuin Intrigue Series #315 language It was perhaps my favourite aspect of Armitage s Gawain seeing for the first time alliteration used in such uantity and so well and utterly allowed and never once with a need to cringe On the appearance of the Green Knight at Camelot The guests All They Need looked on They gaped and they gawkedand were mute with amazement what did it meanthat human and horse could develop this hueshould grow to be grass green or greener stilllike green enamel emboldened by bright goldSome stood and stared then stepped a The Reluctant Bride Love Inspired #18 little closerdrawn near to the knight to know his next move Gawain s adventures on the journey northwards in winter Where he bridges a brook or wades through a waterwayill fortune brings him face to face with a foeso foul or fierce he is bound to use forceSo momentous are his travels among the mountainsto tell just a tenth would be a tall orderHere he scraps with serpents and snarling wolveshere he tangles with wodwos causing trouble in the cragsor with bulls and bears and the odd wild boarHard on his heels through the highlands come giantsOnly diligence and faith in the face of deathwill keep him from becoming a corpse or carrionIt brings home how bloody cold a medieval winter felt with so many fewer hopes of getting warm than we have And the wars were one thing but winter was worseclouds shed their cargo of crystallized rainwhich froze as it fell to the frost glazed earthWith nerves frozen numb he napped in his armourSo in peril and pain Sir Gawain made progresscrisscrossing the countryside until ChristmasEve Now night passes and New Year draws neardrawing off darkness as our Deity decreesBut wild Once in a Blue Moon looking weather was about in the worldclouds decanted their cold rain earthwards the nithering north needled man s very nature creatures were scattered by the stinging sleetThen a whip cracking wind comes whistling between hillsdriving snow into deepening drifts in the dalesIt s clear how exhausting a journey through this was with rest and recuperation much needed and no shame in the knight Flying Lessons Harleuin Next lying abed while the The Secret Child lord went out hunting You were weary and wornhollow with hunger harrowed by tirednessyet you joined in my revelling right royally every nightWhat a contrast Christmas was with the rest of winter under these conditions And with meals and mirth and minstrelsythey made as much amusement as any mortal couldand among those merry men and Blessings of the HeartSamantha's Gift laughing Too Many Bosses ladiesGawain and his host got giddy together only Long Lost Bride lunatics and drunkards could have The Virgin Spring looked deliriousEvery person present performed party piecestill the hour arrived when revellers must restWhich may have been The Café in Fir Tree Park later than you d think A Tudor Christmas which I read a couple of weeks earlier stated that in 1494 Henry VII processed at 11pm after mass on Twelfth NightAs with all good Southern Cooking for Company long poems there are a handful of Exotic No More Anthropology on the Front Lines lines that don t work but those that do outweigh those that don t sufficiently to make the off notes negligible Needless to say all this Exchanging the Past A Rainforest World of Before and After left me with renewed respect for Armitage and I enjoyed watching this documentary in which he visited the Evolutionary Patterns Growth Form and Tempo in the Fossil Record likely Excellent Things in Women locations the Gawain poet thought of as he was writing Lud s Church in North Staffordshire the probable site of the Green Chapel really did Faces along the Bar Lore and Order in the Workingman's Saloon 1870 1920 Historical Studies of Urban America look Fireworks like somewhere a high fantasy film hero would fight a pivotal battle with a monster or maybe they just filmed it well to make it Fear of Diversity The Birth of Political Science in Ancient Greek Thought look that way If you also remember Armitage from the 90s Mark Radcliffe Radio 1 show you will probably enjoy the soundtrack tooArmitage s edition has a short and interesting intro but if you want the best historical background info the Oxford edition is the place to Essays on Sexual Euality look at Helen Cooper s introduction and notes The Penguin Bernard O Donoghue version doesn t have nearly as much Info Excommunication like this was exciting to me at Feminism and Political Theory least after having heard several briefer Feminisms at a Millennium less detailed histories of the text the precise detail of this Folk Religion in Japan Continuity and Change The Haskell Lectures on History of Religions location may however represent the origin of the scribe who copied the poems into the manuscript rather than of the poet himself who certainly came from the same region but may not be possible to Folktales of India Folktales of the World locate with uite the same degree of exactness The Wirral was notorious as a refuge for outlaws though the comment here on the wildness of its inhabitants could also be a joke against the poem s first readers since Gawain is travelling into their own home territory This is however the dangerous past not the familiar present So the Liverpool jokes have an ancient historyOther highlights included various estimates of when wild boar became hunted to extinction in England the ranked and also gendered classification of hunted beasts when carpets were probably introduced by Eleanor of Castile mini biographies of candidates for the authorship and dedication the influential coterie of Cheshiremen around Richard II in the 1390s and that Gawain was part of an Alliterative Revival in poetry all known works written in the north or west of England or in southern Scotland For a Fleet River Phoenix Poets Series long time I was not all that interested in reading Gawain because I d never found chivalric culture very interesting and couldn t help but imagine it taking place in the sanitised scenes of Victorian Gothic revival paintings even though they were obviously hundreds of years Exodus Religion Race and Nation in Early Nineteenth Century Black America later Not only did I enjoy the alliteration and the descriptions of the winter weather and its effects in the poem but it helped me start to see chivalry in a different context grittier for want of a better word and part of what seems to have been a confusing demanding and perhaps sometimes contradictory set of social standards for medieval nobility which I d actually Forbidden History State Society and the Regulation of Sexuality in Modern Europe like to know a bit about but paper Forbidden Journeys Fairy Tales and Fantasies by Victorian Women Writers length rather than book Tredici canti del Floridoro lengthThe only reason for giving 4 stars rather than 5 is the known fault with the original that the purported plot by Morgan Le Fay as explanation for events is unconvincing Otherwise the poem ends with a beautiful and unexpectedly moving final Fragile Web line as if it were a prayer although the story is playful and mythical this reminds the reader of the religion at the heart of medieval Flori a Pastoral Drama A Bilingual Edition liferead Dec 2018 review Jan 2019

READ & DOWNLOAD Gawayn and þe Grene KnyȝtGawayn and þe Grene Knyȝt

READ & DOWNLOAD Gawayn and þe Grene Knyȝt REVIEW ✓ LOUISVUITTON--UK.CO.UK Ð Unknown Unknown Ð 1 READ The epic poem of honor and bravery Written by an anonymous fourteenth century poet Sir Gawain and the Green Knight is recognized as an eual t. I didn t know where to post this so I think this is a good place It remains me of my Literature professor in a good way of course

REVIEW ✓ LOUISVUITTON--UK.CO.UK Ð Unknown

READ & DOWNLOAD Gawayn and þe Grene Knyȝt REVIEW ✓ LOUISVUITTON--UK.CO.UK Ð Unknown Unknown Ð 1 READ Mple but deadly challenge a challenge taken on by the brave Sir Gawain A challenge that will force him to choose between his honor and his li. One of the best of the classic Arthurian tales Gawain is presented a bit differently here from many of the other ones Usually he s a bit of a braggart and kind of a jerk especially to women but here he is presented as the perfect exemplar of courtoisie He s also a bit young and still untried so maybe that explains it for those who want to be able to have a grand unified theory of Arthuriana Anyway you probably all know the story Arthur is about to have a New Year s feast but according to tradition is waiting for some marvel to occur Right on cue in trots the Green Knight on his horse a giant of a man who proceeds to trash the reputation of the entire court and dare someone to cut off his head as long as he gets to return the favour No one makes a move and Arthur decides he better do something about this until Gawain steps up and asks to take on this uest himself Everyone agrees and Gawain proceeds to smite the green head from the Knight s body Everyone is fairly pleased with the result until the Green Knight gets up picks up his smiling head and says See you next year G Don t forget that it s my turn then I paraphrase the middle english of the poet is far superior Needless to say everyone is a bit nonplussed by thisThe year passes and Gawain doesn t seem to do much of anything until he finally decides it s time to get out and find this green fellow and fulfill his obligationhopefully something will come up along the way to improve his prospects What follows is a journey to the borders of the Otherworld as well as a detailed primer on just how one ought to act in order to follow the dictates of courtliness Gawain ends up being the guest of Sir Bertilak a generous knight who says that the Green Chapel the destination of Gawain s uest is close by and Gawain should stay with them for the duration of the holidays We are treated to some coy and mostly chaste loveplay on the part of Bertilak s wife from which Gawain mostly manages to extricate himself without contravening the dictates of politeness as well as the details of a medieval deer boar and fox hunt with nary a point missing In the end Gawain goes to the chapel and finds that his erstwhile host Bertilak was in fact the Green Knight Gawain submits himself and is left after three swings with only a scratch as a reward for his courteous behaviour in Bertilak s castle Despite the apparent success of Gawain he views the adventure as a failure since he did not come off completely unscathed and he wears a girdle he was gifted by Bertilak s wife as a mark of shame to remind himself of this Harsh muchThe language of the Gawain poet s middle english is beautiful and I highly recommend reading it in the original with a good translation at hand to catch the nuances of meaning The poem is replete with an almost dreamlike uality that is made real by all of the exuisite details of medieval life that are interspersed throughout the text This is a great book to read at Christmas time Handbook of Psychophysiology li. One of the best of the classic Arthurian tales Gawain is presented a bit differently here from many of the other ones Usually he s a bit of a braggart and kind of a jerk especially to women but here he is presented as the perfect exemplar of courtoisie He s also a bit young and still untried so maybe that explains it for those who want to be able to have a grand unified theory of Arthuriana Anyway you probably all know the story Arthur is about to have a New Year s feast but according to tradition is waiting for some marvel to occur Right on cue in trots the Green Knight on his horse a giant of a man who proceeds to trash the reputation of the entire court and dare someone to cut off his head as Frugal Innovation long as he gets to return the favour No one makes a move and Arthur decides he better do something about this until Gawain steps up and asks to take on this uest himself Everyone agrees and Gawain proceeds to smite the green head from the Knight s body Everyone is fairly pleased with the result until the Green Knight gets up picks up his smiling head and says See you next year G Don t forget that it s my turn then I paraphrase the middle english of the poet is far superior Needless to say everyone is a bit nonplussed by thisThe year passes and Gawain doesn t seem to do much of anything until he finally decides it s time to get out and find this green fellow and fulfill his obligationhopefully something will come up along the way to improve his prospects What follows is a journey to the borders of the Otherworld as well as a detailed primer on just how one ought to act in order to follow the dictates of courtliness Gawain ends up being the guest of Sir Bertilak a generous knight who says that the Green Chapel the destination of Gawain s uest is close by and Gawain should stay with them for the duration of the holidays We are treated to some coy and mostly chaste American Presidents Deportations and Human Rights Violations loveplay on the part of Bertilak s wife from which Gawain mostly manages to extricate himself without contravening the dictates of politeness as well as the details of a medieval deer boar and fox hunt with nary a point missing In the end Gawain goes to the chapel and finds that his erstwhile host Bertilak was in fact the Green Knight Gawain submits himself and is Rediscovering Our Galaxy Iau S334 left after three swings with only a scratch as a reward for his courteous behaviour in Bertilak s castle Despite the apparent success of Gawain he views the adventure as a failure since he did not come off completely unscathed and he wears a girdle he was gifted by Bertilak s wife as a mark of shame to remind himself of this Harsh muchThe When Movements Become Parties language of the Gawain poet s middle english is beautiful and I highly recommend reading it in the original with a good translation at hand to catch the nuances of meaning The poem is replete with an almost dreamlike uality that is made real by all of the exuisite details of medieval 月下夢幻譚神無夜話 6 life that are interspersed throughout the text This is a great book to read at Christmas time